Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Treatments

Treatments

1. Psychotherapy

Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP), which is a type of Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), is the most effective treatment for OCD. 

​In ERP, there are 2 parts:

  • "Exposure": expose yourself to the feared thoughts, images, objects and urges which begin your obsessions 

  • "Response Prevention": make a choice not to engage in a compulsive behaviour when the anxiety or obsessions have been provoked

When you do not perform the compulsive behaviour in response to the obsession, eventually there will be a natural decrease in your anxiety level. This process is called "habituation".

2. Medication

The chief medicines prescribed are a kind of antidepressant named selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). 

  • By raising the level of serotonin, a chemical in your brain, an SSRI can help alleviate OCD symptoms.

  • It may take 12 weeks for taking an SSRI to see any benefits

References

International OCD Foundation. (n.d.). Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP).

https://iocdf.org/about-ocd/ocd-treatment/erp/

National Health Service. (2019, November 18). Treatment - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/conditions/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/treatment/